Introductory Readings on Metaphor

Average: 4.3 (6 votes)

Introductory note:

All the works cited below relate to metaphor beyond the traditional definition of literary criticism. They usually offer a view of metaphor that is both wider and deeper than what we know as one of many tropes and all of them see metaphor as more than just a textual bauble but rather something fundamental for the way we think about the world. Most of them are directly influenced by or broadly compatible with the conceptual or cognitive metaphor theory.

This bibliography is of necessity selective but further references can be found in the books cited as well as in the four book-length bibliographies of metaphor research published since 1970 (see below). This collection of references tries to list influential and/or typical works that can provide an introduction to the field for somebody coming from outside. Those interested should also consult the journal Metaphor and Symbol (formerly Metaphor and Symbolic Activity ) published by Erlbaum since 1985. The bibliography is divided thematically into five sections and the topics bear an unapologetic slant towards discourse analysis and education. A list of relevant links valid as of January 2005 is also provided.

Please let me know of any inaccuracies, possible misrepresentations, or significant omissions.

Metaphor bibliographies (ordered chronologically):

  • Shibles, Warren A. 1971. Metaphor: An annotated bibliography and history . Whitewater , Wisconsin: Language Press.
  • Noppen, Jean-Pierre van, René Jongen, and Sabine de Knop. 1985. Metaphor: A bibliography of post-1970 publications : 5. Library and information sources in linguistics. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  • Noppen, Jean-Pierre van, and Edith Hols. 1990. Metaphor II: A classified bibliography of publications, 1985 to 1990 : 5. Library and information sources in linguistics. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  • Knop, Sabine de, René Dirven, Ning Yu, and Birgit Smieja. 2005. Bibliography of metaphor and metonymy . Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Available electronically only at: http://www.benjamins.com/online/met

Conceptual Metaphor Theory

Key works (Ordered chronologically)

Schön, Donald A. 1979. Generative metaphor: A perspective on problem-setting in social policy. In Metaphor , ed. Ortony, Andrew, 254-83. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

One of the first to suggest that metaphor is central rather than anomalous to the cognitive process and applied this insight into the analysis of social policy debates.

Reddy, Michael. 1979. The conduit metaphor. In Metaphor and thought , ed. Ortony, Andrew. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

The paper that first described – building on Schö n’s generative metaphor – the metaphor of ideas as things that can be transmitted and provided an inspiration to Lakoff and Johnson 1980. Appeared in an influential collection (see below).

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. 1980. Metaphors we live by . Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

The key work that introduced the idea of conceptual or cognitive metaphor that is central to our conceptual system, and thus gave rise to a new research paradigm reframing the distinction between the figurative and the literal.

Lakoff, George. 1993. Contemporary theory of metaphor. In Metaphor and thought, 2nd edition , ed. Ortony, Andrew. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Article-length overview of the main points of conceptual metaphor theory (including the invariance principle) that appeared in a second edition of Ortony’s famous collection. A draft available in full online (see below).

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. 1999. Philosophy in the flesh: the embodied mind and its challenge to Western thought. New York: Basic Books.

The founders of the field return to the topic and investigate its broader implications. Examines many core concepts of Western thought (causality, logic) from the perspective of an embodied metaphor.

Fauconnier, Gilles, and Mark Turner. 2002. The way we think: conceptual blending and the mind's hidden complexities. New York: Basic Books.

Although, strictly speaking, not about metaphor at all, this book suggest a mechanism, conceptual integration, through which metaphors and all other interactions of conceptual domains can be explained.

Kövecses, Zoltán. 2002. Metaphor: a practical introduction . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Up-to-date, book-length overview of the field. Summarizes clearly and accessibly a large proportion of the research done since 1980, including conceptual integration (blending). Excellent resource!

Other research (Ordered alphabetically)

Barcelona, Antonio ed. 2000. Metaphor and metonymy at the crossroads: a cognitive perspective. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Dirven, René, and Ralf Pörings eds. 2002. Metaphor and metonymy in comparison and contrast. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Gibbs, Raymond W., and Tomasz Komendzinski eds. 2002. Metaphor: a multidisciplinary approach . Torun: Wydawnictwo Mikolaja Kopernika.

Three examples of numerous edited volumes that have appeared since 1985 containing works by metaphor scholars of all fields with a strong predominance for the conceptual metaphor approach.

Lakoff, George. 1992. Metaphors and war: The metaphor system used to justify war in the gulf. In Thirty years of linguistic evolution , ed. Pütz, Martin, 463-82. Philadelphia; Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

One of the first, if not the first, attempts to use the tools of conceptual metaphor theory to political discourse analysis. Circulated on the internet as an open letter and still available online.

Lakoff, George. 2002. Moral politics: how liberals and conservatives think . Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Combines metaphor and cognitive model theory to provide an incisive (largely impartial) analysis of American politics. First edition came out in 1996, the second became a favorite of Howard Dean.

Turner, Mark. 1987. Death is the mother of beauty: mind, metaphor, criticism . Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press.

Investigation of how the conceptual metaphor can be used in literature. One of the ‘big metaphor books’ of the late 80s.

Other Views of Metaphor

Davidson, Donald. 1978. What metaphors mean. Critical Inquiry : 5.

Much discussed and controversial article claiming that metaphors only have a literal meaning and their interpretation is a question of pragmatics.

Kittay, Eva Feder. 1987. Metaphor: its cognitive force and linguistic structure. Oxford: Clarendon.

Offers a perspective on the use of metaphor in text based on semantic fields, broadly compatible with but independent of conceptual metaphor theory. Builds on work by I. A. Richards and Max Black.

Leezenberg, Michiel. 2001. Contexts of metaphor . Amsterdam: Elsevier.

A recent overview of theories of metaphor other than conceptual metaphor theory, including a critique of the conceptual perspective.

Ortony, Andrew ed. 1993. Metaphor and thought . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Second edition of a famous collection (see Reddy above) containing many influential views of metaphor from scholars from various disciplines (such as M. Black, J. Searle, T. Kuhn, D. A. Schön, G. A. Miller, or H. Gardner). The original contributors appear (some reprints some updated) joined by others (six in total including Lakoff) who have made significant contributions to the field since 1979.

Ricoeur, Paul. 1977. The rule of metaphor: multi-disciplinary studies of the creation of meaning in language. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

An influential constructivist view coming from continental philosophical thought.

Psychological Perspectives on Metaphor Processing

Gentner, Dedre. 1982. Are scientific analogies metaphors? In Metaphor: Problems and perspectives , ed. Miall, David S., 106-32. Brighton: Harvester.

One of the early explorations of the place of metaphor in the place of the psychology of analogical thinking taking into account Lakoff and Johnson’s Metaphors we live by.

Gentner, Dedre, Brian F. Bowdle, Phillip Wolff, and Consuelo Boronat. 2001. Metaphor is like analogy. In The analogical mind: perspectives from cognitive science , eds. Gentner, Dedre et al., 199-253. Cambridge , Mass.; London: MIT Press.

A paper-length overview of some twenty years of development in the field of psychology of metaphor trying to bridge some competing views.

Gibbs, Raymond W. 1994. The poetics of mind: figurative thought, language, and understanding . Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

A significant overview of evidence from psychological and psycholinguistic research supporting conceptual metaphor theory.

Glucksberg, Sam with a contribution by Matthew S. McGlone. 2001. Understanding figurative language: from metaphors to idioms . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

A survey of a decade of psycholinguistic research on the use of metaphors in daily conversational. language. McGlone critically examines some claims made by Lakoff and Gibbs.

Metaphor and Discourse Analysis

Charteris-Black, Jonathan. 2004. Corpus approaches to critical metaphor analysis . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Chilton, Paul. 1996. Security metaphors: Cold War discourse from containment to common house : Conflict and consciousness; v.2. New York: Peter Lang.
Dirven, René. 1994. Metaphor and nation: metaphors Afrikaners live by . Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
Musolff, Andreas. 2004. Metaphor and political discourse: analogical reasoning in debates about Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Four works that combine the tools of conceptual metaphor theory and critical discourse analysis (including references to many other investigations). Charteris-Black and Musolff also explore the idea of using both specific and general corpora for metaphor research.

Metaphor and Education

Note: Works in this section should be seen more as examples of what can be possible than cornerstones of a well-defined field of research.

Conceptual metaphor theory and education

Cortazzi, Martin, and Lixian Jin. 1999. Bridges to learning: Metaphors of teaching, learning and language. In Reasearching and applying metaphor , ed. Cameron, Lynne, 149-76. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

A detailed investigation of links between teacher metaphors and their culture. Includes overview of important literature on metaphor of education and similar research.

Inbar, Dan E. 1996. The free educational prison: Metaphors and images. Educational Research 38:77-92.

An oft-cited paper investigating students’ and teachers’ metaphorical perception of themselves and their environment based on a large-scale questionnaire study. Suggests implications for teacher preparation. (Many similar studies published since reach similar conclusions.)

Taylor , William ed. 1984. Metaphors of education . Studies in education, new ser., 14 . London; Exeter , N.H.: Heinemann Educational Books for the Institute of Education University of London.

An early edited volume (only partially reflecting new developments) with contributions on the importance of metaphor in education from eminent educationalists.

Metaphors in educational discourse and practice

Note: This is a highly selective overview since metaphors and their implicit or explicit exploration are ubiquitous in educational discourse. The works below make variously explicit attempts to elaborate metaphors and show what role they may play in the different spheres of the educational world.

Cameron, Lynne. 2003. Metaphor in educational discourse . London: Continuum.

Looking at the use of low-level metaphors in the language of teachers in the classroom.

Grant, David, and Cliff Oswick eds. 1996. Metaphor and organizations . London; Thousand Oaks , Calif.: Sage.

Although, not directly about education, many of the contributions to this volume explore organizational metaphors applied to education.

Henig, Jeffrey R. 1994. Rethinking school choice: limits of the market metaphor . Princeton , N.J.: Princeton University Press.

An attempt at engaging in a political discourse by explicitly exploring the opponent’s metaphor and taking it to its conclusion.

Ormell, Christopher. 1996. Eight metaphors of education. Educational Research 38:65-75.

A short but interesting attempt to define education by creating metaphors that educators should adopt. This is a common genre in which all educational thinkers seem to engage at some point.

Wincek, Jean. 1995. Negotiating the maze of school reform: how metaphor shapes culture in a new magnet school. New York; London: Teachers College Press.

An analysis of the role metaphors played in the introduction of a new approach to teaching in an experimental school discussing (like many others) discrepancies between metaphor and practice. Includes overview of work on metaphors in education going back to the 1960s.

Metaphors as an educational tool

Note: Ortony (1993) contains a section with four contributions in this area.

Bacon, Stephen. 1983. The conscious use of metaphor in outward bound . Denver , Colorado: Colorado Outward Bound School.

A practical, theory-free, account of how metaphorical understanding of simulations with respect to one’s life situation can be crucial for the effectiveness of alternative educational techniques. This is one of the first among numerous works confirming a link between metaphor, identity and learning.

Bromme, Rainer, and Elmar Stahl. 2005. Is a hypertext a book or a space? The impact of different introductory metaphors on hypertext construction. Computers and Education 44:115-33.

An investigation of the link between the use of a metaphor in instruction and results of instruction.

Ponterotto, Dianne. 1994. Metaphors we can learn by. English Teaching Forum 32.

A brief suggestion for using conceptual metaphors in intermediate EFL instruction. One of many similar studies.

Metaphors online

The Metaphor and Metonymy Group (UK Resource)

http://www.psyc.leeds.ac.uk/research/metaphor

Center for the Cognitive Science of Metaphor Online (US Resource)

http://philosophy.uoregon.edu/metaphor/metaphor.htm

Blending and Conceptual Integration

http://markturner.org/blending.html

Metaphors in Scientific Thinking

http://www.csc.liv.ac.uk/~rcp/metaphor.html

Workshop on Metaphor and Contemporary Science - 25 & 26 November 2002
(includes videos of talks)

  http://www.scholars.nus.edu.sg/milestones/metaphor2002_webcast.html

Mental Metaphor Databank

http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/~jab/ATT-Meta/Databank

Lakoff: Contemporary theory of metaphor (full text)

http://www.ac.wwu.edu/~market/semiotic/metaphor_toc.html

Compiled by Dominik Lukeš, (c) 2005

Comments

Bali Tour Driver provides

Bali Tour Driver provides wide range of Best Bali Tour Packages such as Bali Full Day Tour, Bali Half Day Tour, Bali Combination Tour, Bali Adventure Tour and Bali Car Charter with Private Bali Day Tour with Bali Tour Driver and the excellent Bali Driver and Bali Tour program during your holiday.

Agen Bola Terpercaya

Artikel ini sangat berguna, dan sangat membantu bagi pemula seperti saya, terus berkarya admin dan teruslah berbagi ilmu agar pemula seperti kami bisa lebih memahami terima kasih. Agen Bola Online Prediksi Bola Agen Sbobet Terpercaya Prediksi Bola Agen Bola Agen Bola Terbaik Agen Casino Online Agen Bola Terpercaya Bioskop Online Agen Casino 338A Nonton Film Online Prediksi Bola Online

perkasashop

i agree with you thanks for sharing information through this paper, I strongly feel happy, visiting the blog and leave a comment on each post you.

Apa Saja

I really like and even highly appreciate your writing is so important to me Sarang303 Agen Bola SBOBET IBCBET Casino 338A Tangkas Togel Online Indonesia Terpercaya. I really understand what you have explained above, it will help many people Sarang303 Agen Bola SBOBET IBCBET Casino 338A Tangkas Togel Online Indonesia Terpercaya. I know for sure many readers of this article and many are giving appreciation for your writing. I say many thanks for this. if deign please read my article about Sarang303 Agen Bola SBOBET IBCBET Casino 338A Tangkas Togel Online Indonesia Terpercaya and also some of my other work. thank you.

Obat Pembesar Penis

Guys just sharing, I've found this interesting! Check it out! http://www.pasutri-farma.com

Mempunyai tubuh terlalu

Mempunyai tubuh terlalu gemuk memang terkadang membuat seseorang tidak nyaman terutama bagi wanita yang selalu mendambakan tampil menarik dan menawan jika anda mengalami masalah seperti itu mengkonsumsi obat pelangsing cara ini memang cara menurunkan berat badan paling efektif agar mempunyai tubuh ramping dan ideal, Untuk anda yang mempunyai tubuh terlalu kurus memang bisa membuat kita kurang percaya diri dengan kianpi pil obat penggemuk badan bisa membuat tubuh anda gemuk dan ideal. Setiap orang pasti menginginkan mempunyai postur tubuh yang ideal dan atletis, untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan tulang dan menambah berat badan secara efektif cepat dan aman bisa menggunakan obat peninggi badan kami mempunyai banyak tips kesehatan kecantikan wanita. Bagi anda yang ingin tampil cantik bisa menggunakan cream pemutih wajah , Pasca melahirkan membuat kebanyakan wanita mengalami selulit dan mempengaruhi kepercayaan dirinya, sebaiknya memakai cream penghilang selulit . Kebanyakan para pria beranggapan perempuan cantik itu identik dengan kulit putih, kulit bersih tanpa bulu, rambut panjang terurai, gigi putih bersih, bibir merah merona. Semua itu bisa diwujudkan menggunakan ragam produk kecantikan diantaranya cream penghilang bekas luka, cream perontok bulu, obat penumbuh rambut, obat pemutih gigi , cream pemerah bibir , dan cream pemutih selangkangan yang sudah teruji secara klinis.

This blog is really great.

This blog is really great. The information here will surely be of some help to me. Thanks!. alat bantu sex boneka sex seorang wanita yang dilihat pertama dari pemutih wajah dan body badan obat pelangsing dibagian penumbuh rambut itu juga mendukung pemutih gigi apa lagi tinggi semapai obat peninggi badan bagi seorang wanita yang ingin memaksimalkan penampilan pemerah bibir atau ingin menghilangkan penghilang bekas luka atau perontok bulu penting juga untuk pria maupun wanita yang ingin obat penggemuk dan membersihkan pemutih selangkangan atau menghilangkan pengghilang selulit

Mempunyai tubuh terlalu

Mempunyai tubuh terlalu gemuk memang terkadang membuat seseorang tidak nyaman terutama bagi wanita yang selalu mendambakan tampil menarik dan menawan jika anda mengalami masalah seperti itu mengkonsumsi obat pelangsing cara ini memang cara menurunkan berat badan paling efektif agar mempunyai tubuh ramping dan ideal, Untuk anda yang mempunyai tubuh terlalu kurus memang bisa membuat kita kurang percaya diri dengan kianpi pil obat penggemuk badan bisa membuat tubuh anda gemuk dan ideal. Setiap orang pasti menginginkan mempunyai postur tubuh yang ideal dan atletis, untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan tulang dan menambah berat badan secara efektif cepat dan aman bisa menggunakan cream pemutih wajah , Pasca melahirkan membuat kebanyakan wanita mengalami selulit dan mempengaruhi kepercayaan dirinya, sebaiknya memakai cream penghilang selulit . Kebanyakan para pria beranggapan perempuan cantik itu identik dengan kulit putih, kulit bersih tanpa bulu, rambut panjang terurai, gigi putih bersih, bibir merah merona. Semua itu bisa diwujudkan menggunakan ragam produk kecantikan diantaranya cream penghilang bekas luka , cream perontok bulu, obat penumbuh rambut, obat pemutih gigi , cream pemerah bibir, dan cream pemutih selangkangan yang sudah teruji secara klinis.

Mempunyai tubuh terlalu

Mempunyai tubuh terlalu gemuk memang terkadang membuat seseorang tidak nyaman terutama bagi wanita yang selalu mendambakan tampil menarik dan menawan jika anda mengalami masalah seperti itu mengkonsumsi obat pelangsing cara ini memang cara menurunkan berat badan paling efektif agar mempunyai tubuh ramping dan ideal, Untuk anda yang mempunyai tubuh terlalu kurus memang bisa membuat kita kurang percaya diri dengan kianpi pil obat penggemuk badan bisa membuat tubuh anda gemuk dan ideal. Setiap orang pasti menginginkan mempunyai postur tubuh yang ideal dan atletis, untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan tulang dan menambah berat badan secara efektif cepat dan aman bisa menggunakan cream pemutih wajah , Pasca melahirkan membuat kebanyakan wanita mengalami selulit dan mempengaruhi kepercayaan dirinya, sebaiknya memakai cream penghilang selulit . Kebanyakan para pria beranggapan perempuan cantik itu identik dengan kulit putih, kulit bersih tanpa bulu, rambut panjang terurai, gigi putih bersih, bibir merah merona. Semua itu bisa diwujudkan menggunakan ragam produk kecantikan diantaranya cream penghilang bekas luka , cream perontok bulu, obat penumbuh rambut, obat pemutih gigi , cream pemerah bibir, dan cream pemutih selangkangan yang sudah teruji secara klinis.

Be one of the thousands who

Be one of the thousands who have benefited from our 1z0-851 braindumps best practice exam. Using our review materials is like taking the actual exam already. Everything is predictable from then on. This will boost 1z0-821 braindumps your confidence knowing you are equipped with excellent tools. Do not settle for anything less than that. 1z0-820 braindumps

Very informative and

Very informative and helpful. I was searching for this information but there are very limited resources. Thank you for providing this information. 1000 free instagram followers instantly free instagram followers website free

verhuizen capelle aan den ijssel

Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life - think of it, dream of it, live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body, be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success. verhuizen capelle aan den ijssel

Jauh dari pasangan hidup

Jauh dari pasangan hidup atau istri memang bukan suatu keinginan bagi pasutri , tetapi hal ini bisa saja terjadi karena tuntutan pekerjaan atau ada urusan tertentu yang tidak memungkin untuk membawa istri. hal ini terkadang menimbulkan problem tersendiri bagi pria jika keinginan hasratnya muncul karena istri tidak bersamanya. Untuk mengatasi hal ini boneka full body bisa di jadikan alternatif agar hasratnya kelelakiannya bisa tersalurkan.

So luck to come across your

So luck to come across your excellent blog. Your blog brings me a great deal of fun.. Good luck with the site. campas outbound sentul. I appreciate everything you are doing. campas outbound sentul selatan. Your writing style has been amazed me. campas outbound sentul bogor. It seems you spend a lot of time to write on your blog.

I was about to say something

I was about to say something on this topic. But now i can see that everything on this topic is very amazing and mind blowing, so i have nothing to say here. I am just going through all the topics and being appreciated. Thanks for sharing.

Terima kasih telah

Terima kasih telah memberikan ruang untuk asus zenfone Smartphone Android Terbaik menuliskan sedikit kesan dan pesan untuk situs ini. Dapatkan beberapa jersey terkini hanya di awwsport.com diantaranya adalah jersey juventus 2015 dan jersey manchester city 2015 yang semakin rame dibicara dan dicari orang. mau lebih lengkap tahu bagaimana teknologi smartphone berkembang maka datang saja ke Harga Hp terbaru Regard Asus zenfone Smartphone Android Terbaik

Visit

thanks for information obat infeksi paru paru | obat asma

Thanks

Most of them are directly influenced by or broadly compatible with the conceptual or cognitive metaphor theory. adult sex games

Blog Yu

At the heart of all the same height, top down will move Ace Maxs Baru 2014

you want in each view to be

you want in each view to be the best. at any time you will feel comfortable with using the Asus zenfone Smartphone Android Terbaik as a new communication tool you. or could just wear the jersey bola for long trips with the heat situation. It is also the underlying jersey juventus 2014 to can always provide the latest football shirt.

Awesome!!!

I really enjoy simply reading all of your weblogs. Simply want to inform you that you have people like me who appreciate your work. Definitely is a great post. Hats off to you! The information that you have provided is very helpful. local nude | free sex now | sexy hot | house wives |

psikotes

Wah informasinya bagus banget gan. Ngomong2 bagi yang mau lulus tes lowongan kerja bumn coba dulu tes iq ini ya. thanks.

Tempat Jual token listrik

Tempat Jual token listrik online silahkan klik linknya

Silahkan dikinjungi gan

Silahkan dikinjungi gan Jual Pulsa listrik online 24 jam

alat bantu sex

interesting and useful article for me thank you alat bantu sex

Jika anda ingin

Jika anda ingin membuat hubungan intim anda lebih hot dan berwarna, menggunakan alat bantu sex, baik itu alat bantu sex pria maupun alat sex wanita , hal ini akan membuat pasangan anda lebih terangsang.

Jika anda ingin suasana berbeda

Jika anda ingin membuat hubungan intim anda lebih hot dan berwarna dan menjadikan pengalaman baru dalam seksualitas, menggunakan alat bantu sex, baik itu alat bantu sex pria maupun alat sex wanita , hal ini akan membuat pasangan anda lebih terangsang.

some times we need to learn

some times we need to learn English more and other language to understand this article / these comments. outbound gathering murah bogor Normally I do not read article on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do so! paket gathering murah I appreciate everything you are doing harga paket gathering You have done a great job. keripik pisang lezat I will definitely dig it and personally recommend to my friends. Pesona Pulau Tidung I am confident they will be benefited from this site. manfaat keripik untuk kesehatan Your writing style has been amazed me. keripik pisang murah Thank for sharing information. paket outbound team building di sentul It seems you spend a lot of time to write on your blog. I have bookmarked it and I am waiting to reading new articles lokasi outbound murah sentul

Cara meningkatkan ke intiman

Adapun cara meningkatkan ke intiman dengan pasangan ada beberapa teknik salah satunya alat bantu sex, sekarang ini banyak sekali variasi model dan bentuk alat bantu sex pria maupun alat bantu sex wanita

Obat Kuat Alami

I like it

I went over this website and I conceive you have a lot of wonderful info, saved to fav (:. local nude | free sex now | sexy hot | house wives |

So nice!

Simply wish to say your article is as surprising. The clarity for your publish is just excellent and i could assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine together with your permission let me to snatch your feed to stay up to date with coming near near post. Thank you 1,000,000 and please carry on the rewarding work. local nude | free sex now | sexy hot | house wives |

obat pembesar penis

This blog is really great. The information here will surely be of some help to me. Thanks!. http://goo.gl/NKmd5u

I simply couldn't depart

I simply couldn't depart your current web site before hinting that i always actually enjoyed the usual info a person supply to your guests? Can be going to be back ceaselessly in order to investigate cross-check brand new posts. steam mop reviews

Preview comment | (Conceptual) Metaphor (.net)

Does your site have a contact page? I'm having trouble locating it but, I'd like to shoot you an email. I've got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it develop over time.

recoment

Excellent article.Its really a good article. It gives me lots of pleasure and interest so far I still do not understand, but after reading and watching from my web you will begin to understand and I apply. thank you Do not forget to visit my web | jual crystal x | ciri crystal x asli | manfaat crystal x | efek samping pemakaian crystal x | jual crystal x | Crystal X Nasa | crystal x nasa | crystal x nasa jogja| harga crystal x terbaru thank...

great job

They usually offer a view of metaphor that is both wider and deeper than what we know as one of many tropes and all of them see metaphor as more than just a textual bauble but rather something fundamental for the way we think about the world Kemeja Jeans Pria | Kemeja Kerja Pria | Blazer Pria | Kemeja Fashion Pria | Kemeja Pria Terbaru

Good read, and all this time

Good read, and all this time I must say that the m fault I think you need to do. Me and my neighbor were preparing to do some research. olive oil for hair

Di sini kami juga

Di sini kami juga memperkenalkan bisnis arung jeram atau yang juga biasa disebut rafting. Kami mempunyai klien dari beberapa perusahaan yang melakukan training team work di pelatihan arung jeram kami…. paket arung jeram rafting berpengalaman. Coba lihat beberapa layanan arung jeram rafting yang sudah diakui di bawah ini Kunjungi situs kami. Mempelajari cara budidaya ternak memang bisa mendatangkan nilai ekonomi yang tidak sedikit, terlebih lagi jika anda sendiri yang akan menjual produk ini kepada teman-teman anda. Budi daya ternak seperti hewan pedaging dan ikan sangatlah digemari. cara budidaya ternak semakin diminati masyarakat. Mau mencoba beberapa ikan lele? Baca info lengkapnya. Apakah anda suka bermain catur? Jika anda penggemar permainan game strategi ini maka anda pasti membutuhkan semua perlengkapannya. Pusat catur menyediakan semua itu. Dapatkan koleksi terbaik kami. toko catur online terpercaya. coba lihat beberapa tekniknya di bawah ini masuk ke sini. Toko sepatu futsal yang jualan online saat ini memang semakin banyak tapi kami menyediakan sepatu futsal kualitas terbaik harga murah dengan desain yang keren.Jika anda tertarik silahkan kunjungi halaman website kami. jual sepatu futsal online. Jika anda tertarik coba lihat beberapa koleksinya. Lihat koleksi kami. Tapi untuk membuat semua bisnis yang ada di atas anda harus belajar membuat blog dulu. Dengan menggunakan blogspot anda bisa membuat blog dengan gratis. Silahkan baca panduannya klik di sinilebih detail lagi segala sesuatu tentang belajar SEO silahkan dibaca Lihat koleksi kami. Salah satu yang membuat blog bisnis online yang menjual tas wanita dengan harga yang murah adalah blog cari tas wanita cantik? Di sini sajaCoba lihat koleksi kami di sini Dapatkan info selengkapnya.

Jika anda ingin belajar ilmu

Jika anda ingin belajar ilmu hipnotis, maka anda harus belajar dari pakar hipnotis yang sudah cukup berpengalaman. Karena pengetahuan seperti ini pastinya sudah mulai cukup dikenal dalam terapi masalah psikologis dapatkan pelatihan hipnotis di sekolah terpercaya. Anda bisa mendapatkan informasi lebih jelasnya dengan hubungi kami di website resmi. Karangan bunga yang anda inginkan juga bisa sampai dengan cepat jika anda memesannya ke toko bunga yang berpengalaman. Baik itu bunga papan, ataupun karangan bunga silahkan kunjungi toko bunga banjarnegara mendapatkan untung maksimal. Karangan bunga kami ada beragam model silahkan dilihat info lengkap klik di sini. Apakah anda suka membeli kaos polo shirt? Kami menawarkan beragam kaos polo shirt dengan desain yang keren dan tentunya harga yang murah setelan jaket olahraga dengan desain terbaru yang berkualitas. dapatkan berbagai koleksi baju polo kami Klik Tautan ini. Adapun bisnis pulsa elektrik saat ini semakin berkembang karena semakin banyak kebutuhan hidup manusia yang bisa dipenuhi dengan melakukan pengisian ulang pulsa elektrik bisnis pulsa elektrik semua operator. Jika tertarik dengan bisnis pulsa silahkan baca berita selengkapnya. Apakah anda sedang membangun rumah saat ini? Apakah anda butuh paving block yang berkualitas dengan harga murah? Kami punya beberapa macam bentuk paving block yang bisa menjadi pilihan anda. paving block harga per meter. Silahkan dicek kualitas dari produk kami dan baca beritanya. Tapi jika anda sedang membangun bisnis online, maka yang terbaik adalah jika anda melakukannya dengan melakukan promosi online. Pada umumnya biasa promosi tidak akan sebesar keuntungan yang nantinya akan diperoleh… promosikan produk anda secara online di sini. Mau pasang iklan jual beli online anda sekarang juga? lihat penawaran kami. Apakah anda penggemar sepak bola? Jika ya maka pasti anda mempunyai tim atau klub favorit. Apakah anda suka mengkoleksi kaos bola ataupun jersey mereka? Kami punya banyak sekali koleksi kaos bola dari berbagai tim. jual online kaos bola jersey club. Anda bisa memilih beberapa koleksi di bawah ini… Dapatkan info selengkapnya.

Great post, I conceive

Great post, I conceive people should learn a lot from this website its real user genial. So much excellent information on here :D. sexy local singles | sex finder |

This web site is really a

This web site is really a walk-through for all of the info you wanted about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you’ll definitely discover it…. Jadwal Liga Inggris Klasemen Liga Inggris

Pretty nice post. I just

Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your chicken processing equipment weblog and wished to Chick Traysthat I have really enjoyed surfing Egg incubator around your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

Nice information, valuable

Nice information, valuable and excellent Organics bio product design, as share good stuff with good ideas and Organics products raw material concepts, lots of great information and inspiration, both of which I need, thanks to Bio raw material offer such a helpful information here.

Thanks for the info, maybe I

Thanks for the info, maybe I can use this ended my tufted marketing and I've been use untold anulus media in run a interaction and they someone existing a big amend on me. Judi Online

After read a couple of the

After read a couple of the articles on your website these few days, and I truly like your style of blogging. I tag it to my favorites internet site list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my web site also and let me know what you think. 338A Casino

Glad to visit your site. An

Glad to visit your site. An awesome blog. Nice Information It's really very informative that I wanted ever, thanks for this. Penumbuh Rambut Obat Peninggi Badan Jual Bali Ratih Obat Jerawat Alami Obat Asam Urat Alami Teh Peluntur Lemak Jual Pelangsing BadanPeninggi Badan Tiens Jual Masker Wajah Alami

Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.

Post new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
Syndicate content